Huge 13 9 Lb Eastern Native American Carved Steatite Stone Wolf Effigy Pipe. Appraisal certificate from Barneby's online appraisal service shown in last two pictures. Excellent condition for age with a couple of very small edge chips normal for age.
See pictures for details as part of description. Last pictures are of appraisal certificate. The pipe bowl with a top opening is carved in the shape of a wolf - the spaced lines represent the fur of the wolf. The sides of the pipe bowl show the feet of the wolf. The wolf's head has ears, eyes, a long snout with large nostrils and incised lined triangles around the edge of the mouth.
The pipe appears to be steatite, also called Black Pipestone, and is a soft metamorphic rock rather than a mineral. It is mainly composed of the mineral talc.Steatite is light grey in color, however, when carved, polished, sealed with wax or oil and heated, its color turns to a deep rich hue of black.. I believe that the pipe bowl is of the Hopewell culture and is similar to a platform pipe, but does not have the platform beneath the pipe bowl. The Hopewell culture has related groups in Pennsylvania and New York.
During the Woodland period, artisans crafted many ceremonial pipes into the shape of various animals and sometimes people. The animal effigy pipes of the Hopewell culture are among the most delicate and naturalistic of these sculpted images. The animals represent the spirit guide of shamans who smoked the pipe to induce a trance to assist with rituals of healing.
The Hopewell culture flourished from about 200 A. Height 4 inch; Length 13 inch; Depth 3.25 inch. This item is in the category "Antiques\Ethnographic\Native American". The seller is "drsyszgyesq" and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada.